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All available functions in GPT for Excel

Discover all available functions in GPT for Excel, along with simple examples and an extensive list of paramaters. If you are looking for usage examples, download our Microsoft Excel template.

Prerequisites
You have created a Microsoft workbook and clicked GPT for Excel Word in the Home tab.

GPT function

The simplest function to start using GPT in Microsoft Excel. Outputs the result in a single cell.

How to use

Syntax=GPT(prompt, [value], [temperature])
Copy/paste example
=GPT("Write a tagline for an ice cream shop.")
⚠️ LocalizationIn some locales, you might need to use ";" to separate parameters instead of ","
OutputA response to your prompt in a single cell

Parameters

ParameterDefinition
prompt (cannot be empty)Instruction provided to the AI to generate a result in a single cell.
The prompt parameter can be:
  • A string: "Write a tagline for an ice cream shop."
  • A cell: A1
  • A range of cells: A1:C3
(optional) valueText, cell or range you want your prompt to apply to

(optional) temperature

Number between 0 and 1 that governs the creativity of GPT:

  • 0 makes GPT strictly follow the prompt
  • 0.5 makes GPT slightly creative
  • 1 makes GPT very creative
Note: In some locales, you might need to use "0,5" instead of "0.5"

GPT_LIST / GPT_HLIST function

Like GPT, but outputs the results in a column. Very practical when the output is a list.

  • Use GPT_LIST to return options listed vertically.
  • Use GPT_HLIST to return options listed horizontally.

How to use

Syntax=GPT_LIST(prompt, [value], [temperature])
Copy/paste example
=GPT_LIST("Give me 5 good short ads about spreadsheets.")
⚠️ LocalizationIn some locales, you might need to use ";" to separate parameters instead of ","
OutputAs many responses to your prompt as you asked, one response per cell

Parameters

ParameterDefinition
prompt (cannot be empty)Instruction provided to the AI to generate a list.
The prompt parameter can be:
  • A string: "Give me 5 good short ads about spreadsheets."
  • A cell: A1
  • A range of cells: A1:C3
(optional) valueText, cell or range you want your prompt to apply to

(optional) temperature

Number between 0 and 1 that governs the creativity of GPT:

  • 0 makes GPT strictly follow the prompt
  • 0.5 makes GPT slightly creative
  • 1 makes GPT very creative
Note: In some locales, you might need to use "0,5" instead of "0.5"

GPT_SPLIT / GPT_HSPLIT function

Splits text semantically, such as by section, paragraph, sentence, customer…

  • Use GPT_SPLIT to return outputs listed vertically.
  • Use GPT_HSPLIT to return outputs listed horizontally.

How to use

Syntax=GPT_SPLIT(text, split_by, [temperature])
Copy/paste example
=GPT_SPLIT("Hello! How are you? Have you heard of GPT for Work?", "sentences")
⚠️ LocalizationIn some locales, you might need to use ";" to separate parameters instead of ","
OutputInput text is split as requested, one element per cell

Parameters

ParameterDefinition
text (cannot be empty)Input text to split.
The text parameter can be:
  • A string: "Hello! How are you? Have you heard of GPT for Work?"
  • A cell: A1
  • A range of cells: A1:C3
split_by (cannot be empty)How to split the text. Examples:
  • sections
  • paragraphs
  • sentences
  • punctuation

(optional) temperature

Number between 0 and 1 that governs the creativity of GPT:

  • 0 makes GPT strictly follow the prompt
  • 0.5 makes GPT slightly creative
  • 1 makes GPT very creative
Note: In some locales, you might need to use "0,5" instead of "0.5"

GPT_FILL function

Magically fills or cleans a range from a few examples.

How to use

Syntax=GPT_FILL(examples, [inputs], [temperature])
Copy/paste example
=GPT_FILL(S4:U5,S6:S14)
⚠️ LocalizationIn some locales, you might need to use ";" to separate parameters instead of ","
OutputThe empty part of the range will be filled based on the examples provided

Parameters

ParameterDefinition
examplesRange containing complete examples that the AI should learn from
(optional) inputsRange containing incomplete data that the AI should complete from the examples

(optional) temperature

Number between 0 and 1 that governs the creativity of GPT:

  • 0 makes GPT strictly follow the prompt
  • 0.5 makes GPT slightly creative
  • 1 makes GPT very creative
Note: In some locales, you might need to use "0,5" instead of "0.5"

GPT_TABLE function

Like GPT, but outputs the results in a table. Very practical when the output is a table.

How to use

Syntax=GPT_TABLE(prompt, [head], [inputs], [temperature])
Copy/paste example
=GPT_TABLE("top 10 most eaten fruits and their nutrition data")
⚠️ LocalizationIn some locales, you might need to use ";" to separate parameters instead of ","
OutputThe response to your prompt in the shape of a table

Parameters

ParameterDefinition
prompt (cannot be empty)Instruction to generate a table.
The prompt parameter can be:
  • A string: "top 10 most eaten fruits and their nutrition data"
  • A cell: A1
  • A range of cells: A1:C3
(optional) headRange containing at least one row. the first row should be headers, the following rows can be used to specify examples If left empty, headers will be generated automatically.
(optional) inputsRange containing partial rows to complete with GPT_TABLE

(optional) temperature

Number between 0 and 1 that governs the creativity of GPT:

  • 0 makes GPT strictly follow the prompt
  • 0.5 makes GPT slightly creative
  • 1 makes GPT very creative
Note: In some locales, you might need to use "0,5" instead of "0.5"

GPT_MATCH function

Matches the values of two columns by similarity.

info

Regardless of the model you choose, this function always uses text-embedding-ada-002. If you have access to text-embedding-ada-002 with your own API key, select it in the model switcher to reduce costs. Learn more about pricing.

warning
GPT for Excel settings do not apply to the GPT_MATCH function.

How to use

Syntax=GPT_MATCH(search_keys, lookup_range, [confidence], [stats], [top_k])
Copy/paste example
=GPT_MATCH(A1:A10,B1:B4)
⚠️ LocalizationIn some locales, you might need to use ";" to separate parameters instead of ","
OutputA column of the best matches to each value in the range

Parameters

ParameterDefinition
search_keys (cannot be empty)The values that you want to look for in the range
lookup_range (cannot be empty)The range in which to look for values that are similar to search keys
confidence (optional)Set a similarity threshold: only values with a superior similarity score are matched. Must be comprised between 0 and 1
stats (optional)"true" to display similarity scores
top_k (optional)Number of matching values to return per search_key (default: 1 - only the best match)

GPT_FORMAT function

Formats dates, currencies, addresses, names, etc. Fixes capitalization. And so much more.

note

GPT_CONVERT and GPT_FORMAT perform the same task. We removed GPT_CONVERT from the list of available functions, but it still executes if manually typed.

How to use

Syntax=GPT_FORMAT(input, target_format, [source_format], [temperature])
Copy/paste example
=GPT_FORMAT("14 February 71", "iso")
⚠️ LocalizationIn some locales, you might need to use ";" to separate parameters instead of ","
OutputThe converted input in a single cell unless it is converted a table, which outputs a table

Parameters

ParameterDefinition
input (cannot be empty)Input text to format.
The input parameter can be:
  • A string: "14 February 1971"
  • A cell: A1
  • A range of cells: A1:C3
target_format (cannot be empty)Target format for the input. Examples: "iso", "currency iso", "international phone number", "lowercase/uppercase/camelcase/snake case/title case/sentence case"…
(optional) source_formatSource format of the input. Optional, but including it can yield better results.

(optional) temperature

Number between 0 and 1 that governs the creativity of GPT:

  • 0 makes GPT strictly follow the prompt
  • 0.5 makes GPT slightly creative
  • 1 makes GPT very creative
Note: In some locales, you might need to use "0,5" instead of "0.5"

GPT_EDIT function

Applies the given task to the given text. The default task is to fix grammar and spelling.

How to use

Syntax=GPT_EDIT(text, [edit_instruction], [temperature])
Copy/paste example
=GPT_EDIT("For sum reezon thoose nunsberz arnt addin up")
⚠️ LocalizationIn some locales, you might need to use ";" to separate parameters instead of ","
OutputThe edited text in a single cell

Parameters

ParameterDefinition
text (cannot be empty)Input text to edit.
The text parameter can be:
  • A string: "For sum reezon thoose nunsberz arnt addin up"
  • A cell: A1
  • A range of cells: A1:C3
(optional) edit_instructionText, cell or range specifying how the text should be edited. Defaults to fixing grammar and spelling. Other examples:
  • "Make it funnier"
  • "Make it shorter"
  • "Make it sound formal"
  • "Add an ending"

(optional) temperature

Number between 0 and 1 that governs the creativity of GPT:

  • 0 makes GPT strictly follow the prompt
  • 0.5 makes GPT slightly creative
  • 1 makes GPT very creative
Note: In some locales, you might need to use "0,5" instead of "0.5"

GPT_CLASSIFY function

Classifies a given text into a single category.

How to use

Syntax=GPT_CLASSIFY(value, categories, [examples], [temperature])
Copy/paste example
=GPT_CLASSIFY("banana", "fruit, vegetable")
⚠️ LocalizationIn some locales, you might need to use ";" to separate parameters instead of ","
OutputThe best applicable category

Parameters

ParameterDefinition
value (cannot be empty)Input text to classify.
The value parameter can be:
  • A string: "banana"
  • A cell: A1
  • A range of cells: A1:C3
categories (cannot be empty)Comma-separated categories or range of categories to choose from. Only the most relevant category will be returned.
(optional) examplesA table of examples in two columns. The first column should contain the inputs and the second column should contain the outputs.

(optional) temperature

Number between 0 and 1 that governs the creativity of GPT:

  • 0 makes GPT strictly follow the prompt
  • 0.5 makes GPT slightly creative
  • 1 makes GPT very creative
Note: In some locales, you might need to use "0,5" instead of "0.5"

GPT_EXTRACT function

Extracts data (like email addresses or company names) from a text. Outputs as comma-separated values.

How to use

Syntax=GPT_EXTRACT(text, to_extract, [temperature])
Copy/paste example
=GPT_EXTRACT("I worked 5 years at Amazon.com and then 3 years at Apple", "companies")
⚠️ LocalizationIn some locales, you might need to use ";" to separate parameters instead of ","
OutputThe extracted entities as comma-separated values in a single cell

Parameters

ParameterDefinition
text (cannot be empty)Input text to extract data from.
The text parameter can be:
  • A string: "I worked 5 years at Amazon.com and then 3 years at Apple"
  • A cell: A1
  • A range of cells: A1:C3
to_extract (cannot be empty)Text, cell or horizontal range specifying what you want to extract. Examples:
  • "companies"
  • B3:E3

(optional) temperature

Number between 0 and 1 that governs the creativity of GPT:

  • 0 makes GPT strictly follow the prompt
  • 0.5 makes GPT slightly creative
  • 1 makes GPT very creative
Note: In some locales, you might need to use "0,5" instead of "0.5"

GPT_SUMMARIZE function

Summarizes text according to a given format (three sentences by default).

How to use

Syntax=GPT_SUMMARIZE(text, [format], [temperature])
Copy/paste example
=GPT_SUMMARIZE("some long content here")
⚠️ LocalizationIn some locales, you might need to use ";" to separate parameters instead of ","
OutputA summary in the requested format in a single cell

Parameters

ParameterDefinition
text (cannot be empty)Input text to summarize.
The text parameter can be:
  • A string: "Some long content"
  • A cell: A1
  • A range of cells: A1:C3
(optional) formatFormat of the summary. Examples:
  • "key takeaways"
  • "action items"
  • "two paragraphs"
  • "100 words"
  • "tweets"

(optional) temperature

Number between 0 and 1 that governs the creativity of GPT:

  • 0 makes GPT strictly follow the prompt
  • 0.5 makes GPT slightly creative
  • 1 makes GPT very creative
Note: In some locales, you might need to use "0,5" instead of "0.5"

GPT_TAG function

Applies user-defined tags to text or automatically suggests relevant tags if none are specified.

How to use

Syntax=GPT_TAG(value, [tags], [examples], [top_k], [temperature])
Copy/paste example
=GPT_TAG("I love chocolate", "food, positive, negative")
⚠️ LocalizationIn some locales, you might need to use ";" to separate parameters instead of ","
OutputThe applicable tags as csv in a single cell

Parameters

ParameterDefinition
value (cannot be empty)Input text to tag.
The value parameter can be:
  • A string: "I love chocolate"
  • A cell: A1
  • A range of cells: A1:C3
(optional) tagsComma-separated tags or range of tags applicable. If left empty, GPT_TAG will automatically come up with the tags
(optional) top_kMaximum number of tags to return
(optional) examplesA table of examples in two columns. The first column should contain the inputs and the second column should contain the outputs.

(optional) temperature

Number between 0 and 1 that governs the creativity of GPT:

  • 0 makes GPT strictly follow the prompt
  • 0.5 makes GPT slightly creative
  • 1 makes GPT very creative
Note: In some locales, you might need to use "0,5" instead of "0.5"

GPT_TRANSLATE function

Translates text from one language into another. Works better if you specify the source language.

How to use

Syntax=GPT_TRANSLATE(text, [target_language], [source_language], [instructions], [temperature])
Copy/paste example
=GPT_TRANSLATE("Cool off with our delicious treats!", "spanish")
⚠️ LocalizationIn some locales, you might need to use ";" to separate parameters instead of ","
OutputThe requested translation in a single cell

Parameters

ParameterDefinition
text (cannot be empty)Input text to translate.
The text parameter can be:
  • A string: "Cool off with our delicious treats!"
  • A cell: A1
  • A range of cells: A1:C3
(optional) target_languageLanguage of the output. Examples: "spanish", "chinese", "french". Defaults to "english".
(optional) source_languageLanguage of the input. Example: "english"
(optional) instructionsAdditional instructions for the translation. Can include a dictionary of translations.

(optional) temperature

Number between 0 and 1 that governs the creativity of GPT:

  • 0 makes GPT strictly follow the prompt
  • 0.5 makes GPT slightly creative
  • 1 makes GPT very creative
Note: In some locales, you might need to use "0,5" instead of "0.5"

GPT_VISION function

Applies a prompt to an image. For example you can ask a question about the image, or ask for a description of it.

info

Regardless of the model you choose, this function always uses gpt-4o. If you have access to gpt-4o with your own API key, select it in the model switcher to reduce costs. Learn more about pricing.

How to use

Syntax=GPT_VISION(prompt, image_url, [high_res], [temperature])
Copy/paste example
=GPT_VISION("Write a short description for this product", A1)
⚠️ LocalizationIn some locales, you might need to use ";" to separate parameters instead of ","
OutputA response to your prompt according to the information extracted from the image

Parameters

ParameterDefinition
prompt (cannot be empty)Instruction provided to the AI to analyze an image.
The prompt parameter can be:
  • A string: "Write a short description for this product"
  • A cell: A1
  • A range of cells: A1:C3
image_urlLink to the image you want the AI to analyze. Supported formats are PNG, JPEG, WEBP, and non-animated GIF. Maximum size is 20MB per image.
The image_url parameter can be:
  • A string: "https://static.nike.com/a/images/t_PDP_1280_v1/f_auto,q_auto:eco/b5ab0a6c-6393-4af6-abbc-4f1acaa6ed94/air-max-dawn-womens-shoes-224mWf.png"
  • A cell: A4
(optional) high_resHow the AI processes the image and generates its textual understanding. Possible values are true, false, and auto (default). Learn more.

(optional) temperature

Number between 0 and 1 that governs the creativity of GPT:

  • 0 makes GPT strictly follow the prompt
  • 0.5 makes GPT slightly creative
  • 1 makes GPT very creative
Note: In some locales, you might need to use "0,5" instead of "0.5"

GPT_WEB function

Searches the web to provide up-to-date information. It should be used whenever you ask questions about events, facts, people, companies for which freshness and accuracy is important. It is built on Perplexity AI's online models.

info

Regardless of the model you choose, this function always uses Perplexity AI's model llama-3-sonar-small-32k-online.

Warning
  • GPT_WEB is priced per 1000 executions instead of tokens. In this case, input and output size do not matter. The price of GPT_WEB is $15 or €15 per 1000 executions.
  • GPT for Excel settings do not apply to the GPT_WEB function.

How to use

Syntax=GPT_WEB(prompt, [value])
Copy/paste example
=GPT_WEB("Who won the last presidential elections in Argentina?")
⚠️ LocalizationIn some locales, you might need to use ";" to separate parameters instead of ","
OutputA response to your prompt based on knowledge from the web

Parameters

ParameterDefinition
prompt (cannot be empty)Instruction provided to the AI to generate results based on knowledge from the web. Provide instructions in English for better results.
The prompt parameter can be:
  • A string: "Who won the last presidential elections in Argentina?"
  • A cell: A1
(optional) valueText, cell, or range you want your prompt to apply to